Defence secretary warns of China's 'unprecedented' land reclamation activity in South China Sea


Michelle Grattan, University of Canberra

The secretary of the Defence department, Dennis Richardson, has expressed Australia’s strong concern about China’s recent land reclamation in the South China Sea area.

The speed and scale of the reclamation on disputed reefs and other features raised the question of China’s intent and purpose, Richardson said in very pointed comments, noting that if it were for military purposes this would be particularly worrying.

Delivering the Blamey Oration, Richardson said that looking out over the next two decades, the relationship between the United States, China, Japan and India would provide the backdrop and centrepoint to much of what unfolded in East Asia and beyond – just as the Cold War had done in the second half of last century.

“The US-China relationship sits at the centre. And this invariably opens up the question of just where and how Australia positions itself,” Richardson said.

“Expressed in its most simple and basic terms, our relationship with China and the United States can be summarised in one simple phrase: friends with both, allies with one.”

Australia’s relationship with and interests in China were sometimes different from those of the US – as shown by the recent decision to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

“Obviously, the Australia-China relationship is still developing the appropriate balance of trust and confidence – in many respects a never-ending journey in international and strategic relations,” Richardson said.

“And, as has been readily acknowledged by successive Australian and Chinese leaders, differences will emerge from time to time.”

Australia was concerned about the unprecedented pace and scale of China’s land reclamation activities in the South China Sea over the last couple of years.

“China now has more law enforcement and Coast Guard vessels in the South China Sea than the other regional countries put together. And given the size and modernisation of China’s military, the use by China of land reclamation for military purposes would be of particular concern.”

It was legitimate to express these concerns “because tensions and potential miscalculations are not in anyone’s interest”.

Richardson also said regional changes would eventually raise questions about whether Australia’s defence needs can be met with a spending level of 2% of GDP. He foreshadowed that a changing Indonesia would require new thinking by Australia.

With few exceptions Australia’s South East Asian neighbourhood would probably become increasingly wealthier and more confident.

“For the first time we will have a neighbour – Indonesia – which will have a bigger economy than our own.

“This will require a psychological adjustment by Australia, as will an Indonesia which continues to embed democratic norms. We will need to rethink engagement strategies and expectations.”

The economic and strategic changes in South East Asia would see real growth in regional defence expenditure, Richardson said.

“This will not be directed against us, but it will mean the capability gap we have traditionally enjoyed in the wider region will significantly diminish and, in some instances, probably disappear.

“This in turn will raise questions – not now but well down the track – whether we will be able to continue to meet our defence needs with around 2% of GDP.”

In 2015-16 the defence budget will reach 1.92% of GDP. The government’s commitment is for 2% of GDP within a decade.

Richardson said the growing wealth of East Asia would not be shared across much of the other part of our neighbourhood – the South Pacific.

“Here, climate change and other constraints may present us with opposite challenges to wealth and confidence. Over time, that could lead to serious questions of labour mobility if some of the smaller South Pacific island countries are to develop sustainable economic growth.”

The Conversation

Michelle Grattan is Professorial Fellow at University of Canberra.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.
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China: Persecution News Update


The link below is to an article reporting on persecution news from China.

For more visit:
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/04/guangdong-police-stop-illegal-church.html

China: Persecution News Update


The links below are to articles reporting on persecution news from China (the most recent articles are at the top).

For more visit:
http://www.persecution.org/2015/03/27/eight-chinese-christians-from-sanjiang-church-sentenced-to-prison/
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/25/world/asia/christian-pastor-in-china-gets-one-year-prison-term-in-battle-over-crosses.html
http://www.christiantoday.com/article/china.pastor.on.trial.after.protesting.removal.of.church.crosses/50638.htm
http://www.persecution.org/2015/03/16/three-chinese-christians-released-from-prison/

China: Persecution News Update


The links below are to articles reporting on persecution news from China (The latest are at the top).

For more visit:
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/02/world-look-at-chinas-patriotic-martyrs.html
http://www.persecution.org/2015/02/17/china-lawyers-claim-pastors-trial-is-illegal/
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/02/wives-of-hualin-kindergarten-defendants.html
http://www.ecumenicalnews.com/article/christian-persecution-in-china-may-be-slowing-down-says-monitoring-group-28328
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/02/trial-for-4-detained-for-illegal.html

China’s island-building spree is about more than just military might


Originally posted on Quartz:

China’s playing Monopoly in the South China Sea—only, instead of building hotels on Pacific Avenue, it’s constructing helipads and, in some cases, whole new islands.

In less than a year, shallow reefs in the Spratly Islands have sprouted white-sand outcrops, sporting what look to be Chinese military facilities, according to satellite imagery published this week by IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, a consulting company. The Spratlys are more strategic than they are substantial; under international law, the archipelago could have exclusive claim to the bounteous fishing grounds in the surrounding seas, and to the potentially oil-rich seabed—which may explain why China and five other Asian countries claim the islands.

The new reclaimed islands are only the latest Spratly rockpiles and reefs that, since February 2014, China has willed into existence by heaping sand atop of them–to the alarm among China’s neighbors.

Airbus Defence and Space satellite imagery shows the brisk clip at which China has turned Gaven Reefs into a helipad-supporting island. Airbus Defence and Space satellite imagery shows the brisk clip at which China has turned Gaven Reefs…

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China: Persecution News Update


The links below are to articles reporting on persecution news from China (the most recent articles are at the top).

For more visit:
http://www.christiantoday.com/article/china.communist.party.reaffirms.ban.on.belief.in.zhejiang/47311.htm
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/02/sichuan-christians-released-after.html
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/public-security-bureaus-deny.html
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/liangren-church-elder-sends-letter-to.html

China: Persecution News Update


The links below are to articles reporting on persecution news from China (the most recent are at the top).

For more visit:
http://www.ucanews.com/news/journalist-detained-in-china-for-reporting-on-christian-persecution/72860
http://www.persecution.org/2015/01/28/government-persecution-on-the-rise-in-china-as-trend-continues-worldwide/
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/sichuan-police-raid-gathering-of-house.html
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/lawyers-for-detained-zhejiang-pastor.html

China: Persecution News Update


The link below is to an article that reports on persecution news from China.

For more visit:
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/china-aid-founder-summarizes.html

China: Persecution News Update


The link below is to an article reporting on persecution news from China.

For more visit:
http://www.chinaaid.org/2015/01/judge-defers-trial-of-4-charged-with.html